1. Get close. “If your pictures aren’t good enough, you aren’t close enough,” a quote attributed to famous war photographer Robert Capa. Getting close helps you to isolate your subject, or main subject, and shows the viewer exactly what you want them to see. If you can’t physically move closer for whatever reason, but try to, then grab that telephoto zoom lens you might have. Another bonus is this also helps your camera meter with the subject you are going for by isolating that subject. (Trust me)
2. Fill the frame. Like getting close, make sure your subject is very dominant in the frame. Like real close on faces, don’t worry about cutting the top of someone’s head off sometimes. I don’t give this photo tip or getting close because you should always do it, as space for the subject to “breath” can convey a nice mood. But most beginners error the other way and have too much going on in the photo and the main subject gets lost. Getting close and filling the frame can help.
3. Avoid Clutter, especially edge clutter. This goes along with the first tip. If there is too much going on in a photograph (and not a reason for it to be) it creates clutter. This can make it hard for the viewer to focus on the main subject. Or the subject even gets lost. This leads to #3.
4. Keep your backgrounds simple. Just like clutter around your subject or at the edges of the photo, cluttered backgrounds can be quite distracting. I realize sometimes its unavoidable. But remember to also look past your subject and into the background so see what could be distracting. Branches or poles sticking out of a person’s head or neck (this is common), a washed out bright area, or maybe some unwanted people. Most the time the background is either distracting or for the most part unnoticed. Work toward the latter.
5. Use the rule of thirds in your compositions. Sure this rule can be overused, I’m guilty of that sometimes. However it’s something most beginners don’t do in my experience. So divide the frame horizontally and vertically into thirds and put your subject, or something important, where the lines intersect. By moving things away from always being centered you can sometimes give photos more drama and they can be visually more interesting.
6. Light, watch for good light, wait for good light. With sunlight the best light of the day starts a couple hours before sunset and in the morning up to a couple hours after sunrise. High noon tends to be the worst light to shoot in (but sometimes we don’t have a choice). The time of the year also effects these hours. In later fall, winter and early spring the sun stays much lower to the horizon. At least in more northern areas like where I live in Michigan. Also, don’t be afraid to shoot on overcast days. The same subject will look quite a bit different in that flat, even light. Overcast days are also better for waterfall photography early and late in the day in my opinion.
7. Shoot into the light. When I was young I remember being told to “always take photos with the sun to your back.” Maybe you did as well. I’m here to tell you don’t be afraid to shoot into the light. The sun, car lights, other artificial lights, can give your images more drama shooting into the light. Playing with highlights and shadows can create all kinds of cool looks with a subject.
8. Don’t be afraid to raise your ISO. Now I realize this isn’t always true based on the camera you have and how old it is. And if it’s a full frame camera (better high ISO, less digital noise). IMO there really is only one reason to raise ISO, to get a faster shutter speed for freezing motion. Possibly your motion trying to hand hold a camera without a tripod. But more for shooting subjects like sports. If you have blurry and/or dark sports photos in low light (not bright sun) then try raising the ISO.
9. Shoot more candid photos then posed photos. See my last blog post on this topic.
10. Always have your camera close and ready. Most of us have a nice camera on our phones these days. Remember, If you say to yourself, “I should be taking a picture of this”, you are right! And not just selfies. LOL!
11. Ok you are going to hate this one. READ YOUR CAMERA MANUAL! If you are just starting out down this photography rabbit hole you probably don’t have a grasp of all things exposure, depth of field, and the like just quite yet. But as you learn it’s important to know how to make all these changes on the camera you have. Even if you don’t understand them yet. Do you know how to change your ISO? Do you know how to change the autofocus mode? What does this button do? J You will also learn what you can set and mostly not worry about anymore or things you may never even use on your camera.
A few more tips for shooting with camera phones.
- Clean the lens. Really, look at it right now. I bet you have fingerprints on the lens.
- Hold the phone steady like a camera instead of one handed like a phone.
- Zoom with your feet if you can. As good as the camera phones are the digital zooms are awful.
- Try Snapseed to edit photos. (My favorite photo app)
- On an iPhone, tap and hold the screen for an autofocus point and to adjust the exposure.
These tips are geared for those just starting out and not wanting a bunch of technical info yet. If you use a few of these tips I bet your photos will be better. They won’t make things perfect as there is much more going on and photos can still not turn out the way you want. But, this is a start. As always if you have any questions hit me up.
Thanks for being here! -Bryan